Fire Safety and Healthy Buildings

Kód předmětu: 124FSHB
Garant předmětu: prof. Ing. Martin Jiránek, CSc., doc. Ing. Vladimír Mózer, Ph.D.
Zakončení předmětu: Z,ZK
Počet kreditů: 6 kred.
Rozsah výuky: 3+2

Anotace(semestr B232)
Healthy Buildings Constituents of indoor microclimate, hazardous substances (VOCs, HFRs, heavy metals, moulds, microbes, aerosols, radionuclides, etc.), their sources and health effects. Influence of building structures and materials on quality of indoor microclimate. Design of buildings with respect to optimisation of indoor microclimate. Fire Safety Analysis of fire - course of fire, burning process, fire loading; legislation and European Standards; fire safety solutions - fire project, requirement for fire resistance of buildings, escape ways, distance separation, fire-fighting equipment; fire behaviour of the most used materials (wood, steel, concrete, plastics); protection of building materials against fire (brickwork, concreting, plasters and sprays, coatings, impregnates of wood, encasements, glued facings of mineral fibres); sandwiches from fire point of view; influence of claddings on the course fire; passive protection of building structures - fire walls, fire glazed structures, fire ceiling, draft stops and seals; repressive measures - electric fire signalling, stationary extinguishing devices, smoke extract, hydrant systems.
Obsah 
1. Constituents of indoor microclimate. Protection of new buildings against radon.

2. Remedial measures against radon and gamma radiation in existing houses.

3. Toxic chemicals (VOCs, HFRs, phthalate, vinyl chloride, formaldehyde, styrene, phenol, etc.) in indoor air.

4. Aerosols, natural (asbestos) and man made mineral fibres in indoor air. Remedial actions.

5. Microbial microclimate - moulds, bacteria, yeasts, mites, fungi and microbes.

6. The analysis of fire - causes and course of fire.

7. The process of burning; fire load; the basic principles of fire safety solutions.

8. European legislation dealing with fire safety standards.

9. Behaviour of the most used building materials in fire.

10. Fire safety equipment.

11. The influence of fire on the stress-state and deformation of building materials.

12. Principles for the solution of building structures from fire protection point of view.

13. Fire liquidation in tower and hall buildings.


Literatura 
[1]  Tom Woolley: Building Materials, Health and Indoor Air Quality - No Breathing Space? Routledge - Taylor&Francis Group. Oxon, New York, 2017, ISBN: 978-1-13-893449-8
[2]  SFPE Handbook of Fire Protection Engineering, Third Edition ,Editorial Staff, Published by the National Fire Protection Association, National Fire Protection Association, 2002, ISBN: 087765-451-4
[3]  Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat, 1st.ed., Fire Safety in Tall Buildings, Betlehem, Pensylvania, Mc Graw-Hill Inc., 1992, 317 p., ISBN 0-07-012531-7
[4]  Newman, G.M. The fire resistance of composite floors with steel decking, 1st.ed., The Steel Construction Institute Ascot, 2001, ISBN 1-870004-67-1
[5]  Kupilík, V.: Fire Protection of Constructions, page:182, Dunamenti Tuzvédelem Zrt, Budapest, Hungary,2009, ISBN: 978-963-06-70385-7
Návaznosti 
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Studijní plány 
Předmět je zařazen do následujících studijních plánů:

- studijní plán Civil Engineering (BD2020), skupina Civil Engineering, 8th semester (BD20200800), dop. semestr 8 (valid from 2020/21 to 2022/23 )
- studijní plán Civil Engineering (BD2023), skupina Civil Engineering, 8th semester (BD20200800), dop. semestr 8 (valid from 2023/24 )